Chlamydia - The most prevalent STI
Chlamydia is a STI (sexual transmitted infection) caused by the bacteria called ‘Chlamydia trachomatis’. The germ affects the cervix and uterus of the woman. For the man the urethra will be affected. In some circumstances, even the eyes, lungs and throat can be become affected. It transmitted by having a sexual contact with a person that carries the infection. This happens whenever your come into contact with vaginal fluids or semen from the person infected. Since the symptoms do not show up, usually when it is too late, many woman are unaware that they are infected with the disease. This is one of the reasons why the amount of infected have increased significantly over the recent years.
Chlamydia is also commonly called the “most prevalent STI”. The symptoms do not occur in 7 out of 10 woman and 5 out of 10 men, which is very scary. A lot of people do not even show symptoms weeks even months after contracting the disease, and when it had time to infest over such a long period, permanent damage may already have been done.
Symptoms in women
Symptoms in men
|Pain and discomfort in lower abdominal area especially when having sex||Pain and discomfort when urinating (due to the urethra being inflamed)|
|Pain and discomfort during sex||Pain and discomfort at the end of your penis|
|Odd vaginal discharge (this happens when the cervix becomes inflamed)||Discharge from coming from the penis|
|Burning whenever urinating|
|Vaginal bleeding or spotting when you are not on your period. Even more serious, bleeding after sex|
Specialty or Home Tests for Chlamydia
Testing can be done at any specialty testing centers or requesting it at your house doctor. If you rather have it done privately, there are kits online that you can order and do it yourself. The process is very easy, but has to be done hygienically and carefully. Woman will use a cotton swab to swab the cervix and men have to provide a urinary sample, but with Chlamydia is on the rise, it advised to always getting tested whenever switching partners, especially if you do not practice protected sex. The Home Diagnostics Full STI Screen is such a kit that you can find online. The parcels are discreetly packaged taking your privacy into account. The samples taken will have to be send back to their labs and once the sample is received you can take 36 hours in account for the results. The screening is not only for chlamydia, but also for Gonnorhoea, Herpes, Trichomonas, Gardnerella, Mycoplasma Genitalium, Ureaplasma Urealyticum.
Now you may wonder, if this is the most prevalent STI, what would be the second on the list? Genital warts is now second most prevalent STI and are more common than you would expect. The warts are small lumps that form on the genitals and around/on the anal area. These are caused by a virus and are removed by chemicals or freezing and destroying the warts. Most of the anogenital warts are type 6 or 11. The one you commonly have on your hands and feet are caused by a different type of HPV.
The Importance of Pre-Travel Sexual Advice
The brits planning to go on vacation are warned to pack condoms with the suntan lotion. Just like you do not forget your suntan lotion to protect you from the UV rays, the same goes with condoms. When alcohol and drugs are involved the chances are even less that it is done protectively. Britons going overseas, contracting the disease and bringing it back to the UK and spreading them usually unaware, pose a great health risk. Experts are concerned this can go out of hand, since research has showed that a third of travelers have admitted to not always using protection regardless of taking it with them.
A lot of people are advocating for the pre-travel sexual health advice should be provided for all people between the ages of 16 and 74. In study done among sexual active people aged from 16-74, data of more than 15.000 respondents have been examined, the results are worrying. It has shown that 1 in 20 woman and 1 in 10 men reported to have had sex with a new partner while abroad. This group has also admitted. Among those surveyed, people aged over the 35, 1 in 40 women and 1 in 35 men have had new sexual partner while being abroad, and these figures are on the rise and these are caused because most people experience a partnership breakdown while being financially stable and overall healthy.
A separate study has also found that more than 1/3 of the single travelers have had sexual encounters with a new partner and 37% has said they have not or inconsistently used condoms. Swedish and British travelers have been reporting this the most.